Al Madinah Al Monaurah:
Is a province of Saudi Arabia, located on the country's west side, along the Red Sea coast. It is characterized by attractions and historical monuments as well as geographical location which had gained importance among traders in the ancient times. It was known before Islam, Yathrib, and after the emigration it was given the name Madinah.
The Prophet's Mosque:
It was built by the Prophet peace be upon him when he came to Medina and his companions took care of the mosque throughout history. Maintenance and expansion of this Holy mosque took place in the Saudi State during the era of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. It has become one of the largest mosques in the world as it can accommodate more than a million worshipers. The Prophet's Mosque is a sacred center for scientists and students to study the Holy Quran and its Sciences and interpretation. Muslims believe that praying once in the Mosque of the Prophet is equal to 50,000 prayers in any other mosque.
The Prophet peace be upon him described it as one of the gardens in Paradise. Prayers and calls to Allah get answered in Al-Rawdha by the power of Allah Almighty alone and not due to presence of the Prophet’s grave as some people think. There are no barriers between humans and Allah, and nothing is closer than the relation between Allah and his worshippers. It is desirable when entering Al-Rawdha of the Prophet’s Mosque to pray for the Prophet and all Muslims for Allah’s noble forgiveness and mercy.
Sights in Madinah
The Quba Mosque:
Is the first mosque built in Madinah. Its first stones were positioned by the prophet Muhammad on his emigration from the city of Mecca to Madinah. It was completed by his companions. Muhammad spent more than 20 nights in this mosque (after migrating) praying qasr (a short prayer) while waiting for Ali whose house was behind this mosque.
Is the mosque where the Prophet prayed Al-Eid.
The Seven mosques:
A set number of small mosques that include: Al Fatah Mosque, Salman Al-Farsi Mosque, Abu Bakr Mosque, the Mosque of Omar Ibn al Khattab, Ali Bin Abi Taleb Mosque, Fatima’s mosque. The story goes that they were built to defend the Muslims. They were stations and control sites.
Mosque of the two Qiblas:
is a mosque in Medina that is historically important for Muslims as the place where a companion leading a prayer was commanded to change the direction of Qibla. He did 180-degree turn to change the direction of prayer (qibla) from Jerusalem to Mecca. Thus it uniquely has two prayer niches (mihrabs). Recently the mosque was renovated, removing the old prayer niche facing Jerusalem and leaving the one facing Mecca.
It is the largest mountain in Madinah, located in the northern region of the city. It was the site of the second battle between Muslims and Meccan forces.
Baqi is the main cemetery for the citizens of Medina since the era of the Prophet Muhammad, and the closest to the historic building of the Prophet's Mosque. A high fence covered with marble was built around Baqi. This Cemetery is still in use until now. Its total area is one hundred and eighty thousand square meters. Baqi includes the remains of hundreds of thousands of people of the city. It said that ten thousand Sahabi (prophet’s companions) were buried in Baqi, of whom Tho ALnorain Uthman ibn Affan –the third Caliph- and the faithful wives of the Prophet Mohammed but Khadija and Maimouna, the prophet’s daughter Fatima Zahra, his son Ibrahim, his uncle Abbas and his aunt Safia.
Renaissance in Madinah
After the implementation phase of the expansion of the Prophet's Mosque, Madinah city Continued its urban growth leaving the old city for the Holy Mosque services. This resulted in residential and commercial change in the composition of Madinah, which led to the emergence of new archetictural aspects represented by the establishment of wide main roads along with bridges and tunnels. Many schools and institutes as well as the University of King Abdul-Aziz and The Islamic University , were part of this prosperous growth of Madinah city.